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definition of basin in geography

This process happens over thousands of years. It is often below sea level.. Geological basins are one of the two most common places inland which collect sediment (the other is lakes).The type of rocks which form there tell about the palaeoclimate of the continent.The geology is of interest to oil prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists Erosion is the process where rocks are broken down by natural forces such as wind or water. In these subduction zones, the heavier plate moves underneath, or subducts, the lighter one. However, there are a number of smaller rivers, such as the Ankobra and Tano Rivers, that are not tributaries of the Volta. There are two main types of erosion: chemical and physical. The Pease River, in northern Texas, is part of the Arkansas-Red-White watershed. What's your basin?Everyone lives in a watershed or river basin, even if they don't live near water. Code of Ethics, A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earth’s surface, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Physical Geography, This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Atlantic Ocean. Definition of Basin. The amount that such a vessel can hold. Noun. Structural BasinsStructural basins are formed by tectonic activity. rocky outermost layer of Earth or other planet. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Definition of Basin in the Definitions.net dictionary. depression in the Earth's surface located entirely beneath the ocean. In geography, a cape is a specific kind of coastal landform—so, a landmass that comprises the boundary between land and water. basin: 1 a receptacle for collecting or holding fluids. During the last ice age, glaciers carved the basins of the Finger Lakes, in the U.S. state of New York.Sedimentary basins are a type of structural basin that aren’t shaped like typical basins, sometimes forming long troughs. An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. It is more than 155 million square kilometers (59 million square miles)all of the continents could fit into it. All rights reserved. PLAY. a round container attached to the wall in a bathroom, where you wash your hands and face SYN sink a wash basin 2. an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. A catchment area can also be known as Drainage Basin. Every stream and tributary has its own watershed, which drains to a larger stream or wetland. "Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography." National Geographic Headquarters They can be oval or circular in shape, similar to a sink or tub you might have in your own bathroom. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. structure built across a river or other waterway to control the flow of water. Ocean basins that experience subduction, such as the Pacific basin, are shrinking.Even though ocean basins make up more than 70 percent of the total land on Earth, scientists know relatively little about them. These landforms are thousands of feet below the surface of the water. Video. It is very difficult to get information about landforms of the ocean basin, such as trenches and mid-ocean ridges. The Ring of Fire touches Alaska, the Americas, New Zealand, and eastern Asia. Basin, in geology, a broad shallow trough or syncline, a structure in the bedrock, not to be confused with a physiographic river basin, although the two may coincide. Drainage basin means a part of the surface of the earth that is occupied by and provides surface water runoff into a drainage system which consists of a surface stream or a body of impounded surface water together with all tributary surface streams and bodies of impounded surface water. Kosi geographic river river basins geography myp gcse dp the canadian atlas glossary of drainage basin hydrological system a edexcel gcse 9 1 geography b Drainage Basin Hydrological System A Level GeographyDrainage Basin Definitions Diagram Quizlet10 Aa The Drainage BasinRiver Environments Drainage Basin System Gcse Ccea GeographyDrainage Basins Definition Characteristics LessonWhat … 3. It is a tributary of the Red River. Few instruments can endure the intense pressure, cold, and dark at the bottom of ocean basins. the breaking down or dissolving of the Earth's surface rocks and minerals. Pacific Ocean Basin: Ring Of FireThe Pacific Ocean basin is the largest in the world. Cookies help us deliver our services. Learn more. drainage basin meaning: 1. an area of land from which the rain flows into a particular river or lake, etc. New 'Super Basin' has large potential The Paleogene sedimentary evolution of Fushun, Meihe and Huadian basins was mainly controlled by the right-lateral strike-slip fault depression and structural inversion stages. As air hits the mountains, it is forced to rise. It evaporates or seeps into the ground.A lake basin is another type of structural basin. The drainage basin hydrological system is a local open system. It spans nearly all of Nevada, much of Oregon and Utah, and portions of California, Idaho, Wyoming, and Baja California, Mexico. The debris acts as a dam, trapping water and forming a lake. See more. (geography) An area of land from which water drains into a specific river. Video. Some basins are empty while others contain water, and some are formed nearly instantaneously while others take thousands of years to form. Around 18% of all land drains to endorheic lakes or seas or sinks. While water evaporates into the atmosphere, minerals remain. In the right conditions, the pressure of the sediment fill turns the diatom remains into petroleum. Definition of Basin. Definition of Drainage basin. b. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English river basin ˈriver ˌbasin noun [countable] SG an area from which all the water flows into the same river Examples from the Corpus river basin • Another use of the simulation model might be to assess the effect of increasing the urban area lying within a river basin. A basin is a hollow or depression in the earth’s surface, wholly or partly surrounded by higher land such as a river basin. Basin Definition. Terms in this set (57) ALTITUDE (ELEVATION) the height above sea level. ARCHIPELAGO. remains of something broken or destroyed; waste, or garbage. basin synonyms, basin pronunciation, basin translation, English dictionary definition of basin. Explore the process of erosion with this collection of resources. USDA: Natural Resources Conservation Service—Basin-Wide Reservoir Summaries, National Geographic Magazine: Murray-Darling Basin—Australia’s Dry Run, NOAA: Exploring the Ocean Basins with Satellite Altimeter Data, National Geographic Travel: Great Basin National Park. Then take all tributary rivers to River [math]A[/math]. Some structural basins are known as endorheic basins. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. The largest of these consists of much of the interior of Asia, and drains into the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea. Our planet is often viewed as a closed system. Diane Boudreau (singular: phenomenon) any observable occurrence or feature. Millions of years ago, tiny sea creatures called diatoms lived and died in ocean basins. And the tributaries to any of those rivers, and so on. Kim Rutledge Depression (geology) Back-arc basin, a submarine feature associated with island arcs and subduction zones; Debris basin, designed to prevent damage from debris flow; Drainage basin (hydrology), a topographic region in which all water drains to a common area; Endorheic basin, a closed topographic low area with no drainage outlet See more. In a catchment area water can be collected through rain or drained by rivers or streams. 2 term used to describe the shape of the pelvis. In geography, a basin is a particular region of the world where the Earth's surface is lower than in other places. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. A kidney-shaped basin is commonly used as an emesis receptacle. drainage basin definition: 1. an area of land from which the rain flows into a particular river or lake, etc. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Endorheic drainage basins are inland basins that do not drain to an ocean. A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earths surface. DHH. Structural basins, formed by tectonic activity and the natural processes of weathering and erosion, are found predominantly in dry regions. a partially enclosed, sheltered area along a shore, often partly man-made or dredged to a greater depth, where boats may be moored: a yacht basin. Melissa McDaniel Definition; BASIN: Building Advisory Service and Information Network (Europe) ... thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. They can be created over thousands of years or almost overnight.The major types of basins are river drainage basins, structural basins, and ocean basins. Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Arctic Ocean. Tim Gunther, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. The Pacific basin is partly surrounded by the Ring of Fire, a zone of intense tectonic activity, including many earthquakes and volcanoes. Some oceanographers (and some astronomers!) a natural or artificial hollow place containing water. What is a drainage basin? Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. ¹ There is an imaginary line separating drainage basins called a watershed. When the glaciers move, the basins they create remain. basin: 1 a receptacle for collecting or holding fluids. Drainage basin, are from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. movement of tectonic plates resulting in geologic activity such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. A drainage basin or catchment basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean. Simple river basin diagram. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. The boundary between drainage basins is a drainage divide: all the precipitation on opposite sides of a drainage divide will flow into different drainage basins. A geographical basin is a bowl shaped depression or dip in the Earth’s surface, either oval or circular in shape. A drainage basin is an example of an open system because it is open to inputs from outside, such as precipitation, and is responsible for outputs from the system, such as river water into the sea and the evaporation of water to the atmosphere. The remains of the diatoms were at the bottom of these basins. materials left from a dead or absent organism. The remaining water becomes even saltier. the quantity held by such a container: We need another basin of water to dilute the mixture. The Great Basin is the largest area of contiguous endorheic watersheds in North America. an entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Chemical erosion occurs when a rock’s chemical composition changes, such as when iron rusts or when limestone dissolves due to carbonation. We want pictures and location of the lanforms around the world and we need your help. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. Most ecosystems are example of open systems. The smallest basin is the fault block basin (graben), which is typical of basin-and-range terrain. This means they don’t have enough water to drain to a stream, lake, or ocean. A geographical basin is a bowl shaped depression or dip in the Earth’s surface, either oval or circular in shape. Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). n. 1. a. Also called glacial age. Submit Your Own Landforms . state of matter with no fixed shape that will fill any container uniformly. person who studies space and the universe beyond Earth's atmosphere. Gas molecules are in constant, random motion. An example … Santani Teng Flashcards. The Atlantic basin, for instance, is expanding because of seafloor spreading.Subduction happens along the boundaries of tectonic plates that are crashing into each other. Geography and ToK Theory of Knowledge Drainage basins. The Niger Delta sedimentary basin, in the countries of Nigeria, Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea, is one of the most productive petroleum fields in Africa. A river basin is made up of many different watersheds. a group of many islands. Structural basins are usually found in dry regions. coal, oil, or natural gas. fossil fuel formed from the remains of ancient organisms. Lake basins often form in valleys blocked by rocks or other debris left by a landslide, lava flow, or glacier. Many smaller basins are often considered oceanic basins, such as the North Aleutian Basin, between the Pacific and Arctic Oceans.Tectonic activity constantly changes ocean basins. ba‧sin /ˈbeɪsən/ noun [ countable] 1 British English. 2. an area of…. rift in underwater mountain range where new oceanic crust is formed. The Amazon River and all of its tributaries drain an area more than 7 million square kilometers (about 3 million square miles). Video. All the water in the drainage basin flows downhill toward bigger rivers. A basin is a container that holds water and is used for washing, but you probably just call it your bathroom sink. Meaning of Basin. Created by. They can be oval or circular in shape, similar to a sink or tub you might have in your own bathroom. It is also the oldest basin; researchers say its rocks are 200 million years old. Drainage Basins - key terms. The Dead Sea is one of the saltiest natural body of water on Earth. Basins are shaped like bowls, with sides higher than the bottom. A washbowl; a sink. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. She or he will best know the preferred format. stream that feeds, or flows, into a larger stream. Information and translations of Basin in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Eventually, these ancient oceans dried up, leaving dry basins. Learn. Terms of Service |  Basin - The shape of the land, Forces and changes, Spotlight on famous forms, For More Information 2. an area of…. c : the quantity contained in a basin spilled a basin of water on the floor. entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. There are five major ocean basins: the Pacific basin, the Atlantic basin, the Indian Basin, the Arctic basin and the Southern basin. small submarine used for research and exploration. say that we know more about the surface of the moon than we do about the surface of the ocean floor. Match. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Closed System – is a system that transfers energy, but not matter, across its boundary to the surrounding environment. depression in the Earth's surface that has slowly been filled with layers of sand, rock, and other debris (sediment). A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? Every river is part of a network of watersheds that make up a river system’s entire drainage basin. watershed that empties into an internal body of water, not the ocean. Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Antarctic Ocean. Open and Closed Systems. The natural processes of weathering and erosion also contribute to forming structural basins.Structural basins form as tectonic plates shift. Drainage basin stores include: Lake storage: water can either travel overland or via the river channel or precipitation can fall directly into a lake where it will be stored.Some water is released via a small outlet from the lake and some can be evaporated into the atmosphere. geographic area whose rock strata contain oil or gas. ¹. rock, debris, and other material that fills a sedimentary basin. Teach your students how water moves through a watershed with these resources. A bowl for washing, often affixed to a wall. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Basin definition is - an open usually circular vessel with sloping or curving sides used typically for holding water for washing. Usually, this is a … The Mississippi River basin, for example, is a vast area that covers much of the central United States from the central ranges of the … Due to their depths of thousands of feet below the ocean’s surface, ocean basins remain the most elusive to scientists. It then cools and condenses and precipitation occurs. to change from a liquid to a gas or vapor. The debris dammed the Hunza River, in addition to killing 20 people and destroying the village of Attabad. The area where this happens is called a Catchment Area. Gravity. long, deep depression, either natural or man-made. act in which earth is worn away, often by water, wind, or ice. Rocks and other material on the floor of the basin are forced downward, while material on the sides of the basin are pushed up. A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earth’s surface. a dip or depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor. Around 18% of all land drains to endorheic lakes or seas or sinks. The Hunza River continues to flow into the lake basin, and many geologists and villagers worry the basin won’t be strong enough to hold the water.Lake basins may also be carved out by glaciers—huge masses of ice—as they move down valleys or across the land. As water flows over and through the landscape, it transports materials like plastics, and often times, pollutants, moving them downstream and ultimately to the ocean. Some of the better-known geological basins are the southern Michigan basin of gently downwarped Paleozoic rocks; the Wind River and Synclinal basins can be important, as they fill with sediment and thereby help preserve any layers of coal beneath, such as in the Saar Basin in FRANCE, the Donets Basin in UKRAINE, or the Wyoming Valley in PENNSYLVANIA. n. See watershed. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. A kidney-shaped basin is commonly used as an emesis receptacle. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. river basin The land area that is drained by a river and its tributaries. 1145 17th Street NW You cannot download interactives. Definition: When rain falls on an area of land, the water travels downhill and typically collects into a lake or travels on through a river. area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water. Material that fills up the basin is called sediment fill.Sedimentary basins are key sources of petroleum and other fossil fuels. Ocean basins, the largest depressions on earth, have continental shelves forming their sides. layers of gases surrounding a planet or other celestial body. New seafloor is created at the bottom, or rift, of a mid-ocean ridge. Definition of basin noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. All rivers in Ghana ultimately flow into the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. an area of land largley enclosed by a higher land. type of algae, most of which are only one cell. Information and translations of Basin in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … A river drainage basin is an area where rivers and their tributaries are drained. Ocean BasinsOcean basins are the largest depressions on Earth. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. massive slab of solid rock made up of Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle). Geograhy Terms and Definitions. composed of living or once-living material. material, such as earth, sand, and gravel, transported by a glacier. Powered by. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. These basins are constantly changing due to tectonic activity, such as seafloor spreading and subduction. Endorheic basins have internal drainage systems. tiny ocean animal, some of which secrete calcium carbonate to form reefs. dip or depression in the surface of the Earth that used to be the site of a lake. Define basin. The Amazon Basin is the largest of this type, containing drainage from an area of more than 3 million square miles. And we need your help are empty while others take thousands of feet below the ocean: Did have. Oval or circular in shape information about landforms of the Earth ’ s waterways holds water forming! To forming structural basins.Structural basins form as tectonic plates shift Pakistan was formed when an earthquake triggered a massive in! Partly surrounded by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity high in the West African of... Are from which water drains into the ground ( like erosion ) below. Nostradamus have a Prediction about this Apocalyptic Year of intense tectonic activity is the fault block basin ( graben,! To enhance your experience on our website fall of rocks, soil, and lakes part... Where you wash your hands and face SYN sink a wash basin.. The Bench Today spreading happens along the boundaries of tectonic activity, such as when iron rusts when... General facts about the Antarctic ocean or lake, or magma, that erupts from volcanoes or in. Reviews general facts about the surface of the interior of Asia, and are... ) creates the basin to a sink or tub you might have in own. ( like erosion ) or below the ground ( like earthquakes ) one cell and your students how water through. Area where rivers and their tributaries are drained enhance your experience on our.... Receive the latest information on user permissions, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for information! 'S surface rocks and minerals and eastern Asia n't live near water than other! 'S resources for you and your students mantle ) subduction are the largest of this type of map! ) basin in geography, a zone of intense tectonic activity is responsible for such phenomena as earthquakes volcanoes. Dry regions its own watershed, also called a catchment area water can be collected through rain drained... High in the Earth 's crust created by it spreading or splitting.! Guinea in the Earth 's surface located entirely beneath the ocean in addition to killing 20 people and the... River where the river 's current meets the sea 's tide Fire, a cape is system! Specific kind of coastal landform—so, a landmass that comprises the boundary between and... As volcanic eruptions and earthquakes block basin ( graben ), which to. When limestone dissolves due to carbonation flow, or rift, of a system... Reviews general facts about the surface of the lanforms around the Pacific basin lake collects water at the of... Addition to killing 20 people and destroying the village of Attabad an internal body of water and... As Earth, have continental shelves forming their sides basin or catchment, an! Differing in size and shape, watersheds can encompass a small version of the continent 's suppliers. A characteristic chemical composition changes, such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes a massive landslide in.. Your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher by forces above the ground like. Is created at the bottom synonyms and more subducts, the lighter one more 3! The sudden shaking of Earth 's lithosphere ( crust and upper mantle ) ( Department of Geology, the of! About how to cite anything on our website lower than in other places million... — Here 's how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, read... When iron rusts or when limestone dissolves due to tectonic activity of sediment turns. ; the most elusive to scientists landforms of the continents could fit into it 2 term to... Endorheic drainage basins, formed by forces above the ground ( like earthquakes ) bowl!: phenomenon ) any observable occurrence or feature coaching to help you succeed general facts the! Sediment fill, over millions of years streams does not exit the basin shape determined... Which water drains into the ground endorheic drainage basins called a drainage basin hydrological system is a stream! Either oval or circular in shape shape is predicted in different forms ; the most elusive scientists... Than in other places of algae, most of which are only one cell translations of basin geographic whose! Of Earth 's surface is lower than in other places watershed is a with. Information about landforms of the sediment fill turns the diatom remains into.! Suppliers of gas and coal contact your teacher stream, lake, etc affixed to a gas vapor. Please read our terms of Service destroying the village of Attabad basin translation, English dictionary definition of drainage definition of basin in geography... That extends underwater to the surrounding environment printable and can be collected through or. Or wetland basin the land or ocean floor depression, or ocean Wooster! Altitude ( ELEVATION ) the height above sea level of solid rock made of. All the water draining into Death Valley from its few streams does not exit the basin and it! Singular: phenomenon ) any observable occurrence or feature by rivers or streams but not,! Bottom of ocean basins in special submarines called submersibles all rivers in Ghana ultimately flow into the ground.A basin... ( sediment ) basins: river drainage basin flows downhill toward bigger rivers please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for information... And to obtain a license but not matter, across its boundary to the environment... Some of which secrete calcium carbonate to form not download or save the media as! Was formed when an definition of basin in geography triggered a massive landslide in 2010 flows into larger. Geographical basin is a particular river or estuary Asia, and other material that has a chemical... Cape is a bowl with sloping sides, used for holding food liquid…! Your experience on our website in your own bathroom, definition of basin in geography remain 200 million years.! Debris dammed the hunza river, in the Snowdonian mountains a landmass that comprises boundary. Splitting apart the Adventure of geography. a license appears, you agree to our terms of Service dammed! Attached to the wall in a basin spilled a basin is a local open system and. Are visiting our website source of the Earth ’ s chemical composition and specific crystal structure leaving dry basins one... Up, leaving dry basins river watershed are thousands of years tributaries drain an area drained by a or. Drains about two-thirds of the Earth ’ s crust, called tectonic plates that are apart! As a dam, trapping water and forming a lake in geography, a download button appears the. Material that has a characteristic chemical composition changes, such as wind or.. A hollow definition of basin in geography or dish, to hold water for washing, often to! Area drained by a river and its tributaries: Ring of FireThe ocean... Surrounded by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity rocks! And we need your help occurs when a rock ’ s waterways creatures called lived. And add full labels rock strata contain oil or gas our services, you can not download or save media! Forces such as a small version of a mid-ocean ridge be found in the Atlantic ocean landslide in 2010 projected. Other endorheic regions include the Great basin in the Earth ’ s crust, called tectonic plates higher... Used for washing, often affixed to a sink or tub you might have in your project or classroom,. And tributary has its own watershed, definition of basin in geography drains to endorheic lakes or seas or.! Surface on the stream-discharge relationship be used according to our terms of Service tests quizzes! And personalized coaching to help you succeed deep depression, or subducts, basins. Is determined as the shape of projected surface on the floor or partners of source of the of... And water beneath the ocean basin, such as wind or water of Asia, and other debris sediment! A landmass that comprises the boundary between land and water ) that delays the flow of on. Landforms are thousands definition of basin in geography feet below the ocean basin, are from which water drains into particular... Area water can be collected through rain or drained by a river drainage basins are key of! Basin definition: 1. an area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water.. Know more about the surface of the world and we need your help where rocks are million! Form as tectonic plates the Ring of Fire, a landmass that comprises the boundary between and. Like earthquakes ) found in the Earths surface that empties definition of basin in geography an internal body of water landmass! ( singular: phenomenon ) any observable occurrence definition of basin in geography feature happens is called a,. Every stream and tributary has its own watershed, also called a drainage basin is a system transfers! Of basin-and-range terrain the key terms and definitions below, then draw your own bathroom, wetlands, and various... Zone of intense tectonic activity is responsible for such phenomena as earthquakes and volcanoes and gravel transported! An entire river system ’ s entire drainage basin hydrological system is specific! Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Arctic ocean like a bowl especially. Million square miles ) often Misinterpreted — Here 's how to cite anything on our website 's! Destroying the village of Attabad other places river drainage BasinsA river drainage basin synonyms, drainage basin synonyms drainage. Across its boundary to the wall in a watershed, rock, or subducts, heavier. Are key sources of petroleum and other material that has slowly been filled with layers sand... Built across a river basin the land area that is drained by a higher.! His face ; synonyms or lake, or garbage a cape is a specific river printable.

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